In order to give birth to a healthy baby, the expectant mother must undergo a series of tests during pregnancy and undergo the necessary examinations. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist at Mesa Hospital Dr. Dr. Selcuk Tuncer and Haznedar Marmara Medical Center Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist. Degree of Destruction tells the curious about the subject.
Every mother wants her baby to be born as a healthy individual and to have a smooth pregnancy. In this respect, the expectant mother has to undergo some tests during pregnancy and undergo the necessary examinations in order to give birth to a healthy baby. Marmara Medical Center Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Degree of Destruction “However, what is important is that a healthy baby should first undergo a general health check in the pre-pregnancy period, erek she says. Thus, it is determined whether there is a blood group mismatch. Smear test, toxoplasmosis, rubella (fasting), fasting blood sugar (FBS), hepatitis tests should be looked at. A complete blood count should be performed to determine if anemia is present. Early urinalysis and especially urine culture to be performed between 12-16 weeks of gestation can be recognized in advance.
During pregnancy, the health of the baby is as important as the health of the pregnant woman. Especially at 11-14 weeks of gestation, the measurement of nuchal translucency on ultrasound scan and performing a double test if necessary shows us the risk of Down syndrome. Dr. Eci A triple test for the same purpose at 15-20 weeks; Down syndrome will give us the necessary information about the risk of Neural Tube Defect (NTD) and Trisomy 18, especially in infants.
If the risk is high, an amniocentesis is required for a definitive result. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist at Mesa Hospital Dr. Example: selcuk tuncer am Amniocentesis is one of the most important diagnostic procedures for obtaining information about the state of the fetus in the womb. Amniocentesis is a procedure that involves sampling the amniotic fluid in the sac where the fetus is located. Nowadays, it is most commonly performed to identify genetic abnormalities. During the 16th week of pregnancy (up to the 20 th week), a 20 cc fluid is taken with a thin needle used under ultrasound examination and sown for chromosome analysis in the genetic laboratory. The baby's chromosomes are determined in about 15 days. The most common pathology was trisomy 21. This syndrome is called dDown syndrome and is the most common fetal anomaly with mental retardation seen in approximately 600 pregnancies. Other chromosomal abnormalities can also be detected by this method. This test is performed in mothers over 35 years of age or in those younger than a certain threshold level as a result of the triple test. In addition to chromosome examination, if a certain metabolic disease has already been diagnosed, it can be examined. ”
Another procedure that can be performed in the womb is CVS chorionic villus sampling. Professor Dr. Cer It's another invasive procedure in the womb, Tun says Tuncer. “Basically, it is based on genetic examination of a piece from the placenta. It provides an advantage because it is done earlier than amniocentesis. This procedure is performed for chromosome examination in patients who are at risk or who are over 35 years old during the double test performed during 11-14 weeks of gestation. Again, this test can be performed in a family-defined metabolic disease. ”
Pregnancy Glucose Screening
Another important test for mother and baby health is between 24-28 weeks of gestation. Gestational Diabetes screening. Dr. Eci For this, 50 gr. Drink 1 cup of water containing glucose. 1 hour after the blood sugar is checked. If the value at the end of 1 hour is found suspicious, 100 gr. With OGTT is applied. Pregnant women with diabetes can be included in the necessary treatment plan to prevent problems that may develop in the baby. Pregnant women who have a history of diabetes in their family, who have previously had diabetes problems, or who have a history of a large baby in previous births can be tested earlier. ”
Do not forget these tests!
The first application to be done
Hemogram, TIT, Blood group, FBS, HbsAg, Anti Hbs, AntiHIV, Smear, Rubella, IgG, IgM, Toxpoplasma IgG, IgM, VDRL or RPR
USG scan - dual test