The most important point to be considered in the nutrition of infants and preschool children is to know the principles of HEALTHY NUTRITION and nutrients rich in vitamins A, C, E. Vitamins and minerals are the compounds that must be taken for chemical reactions in the body of your baby and all individuals throughout life.
The American Dietetic Association does not recommend that individuals who consume sufficient and balanced nutrition and consume all food groups together should use extra vitamin preparations. Vitamin are chemical compounds that should be used under expert control.
VITAMIN A (b-carotene): This vitamin is found in fish liver, liver, egg yolk, whole fat dairy products, yellow-orange-green leafy vegetables and fruits. Since it is a fat-soluble vitamin, margarine and butter are required to be put in the food regulations. The loss of b-carotene in vegetables by cooking is 5-28%. We do not lose vitamin A if we store food in dark, cool places and away from metals.
Daily need of vitamin A is 400 mg RE in infants.
|FOOD NAME||QUANTITY||β-CAROTENE QUANTITY|
|Beef liver||Up to 1 meatball||3028|
|Cheese||Up to 1 karper||65|
|Carrot||1 medium size||2025|
|Cabbage meal||½ bowl||480|
|Dried apricots||3 pieces||300|
|Spinach meal||½ bowl||375|
|Red pepper||½ pieces||285|
|Orange||1 medium size||30|
Babies meet ½ vegetable daily with vegetable puree or vitamin A daily. Or a vegetable dish made with cabbage, tomatoes, potatoes, paprika is a vitamin A store.
C VITAMIN; vegetables and fruits. Daily requirement is 30 mg / day in infants.
|FOOD NAME||QUANTITY||QUANTITY OF VITAMIN C (mg)|
|Green pointed pepper||3 pieces||30|
|Black Cabbage||1 bowl||95|
|Orange||1 medium size||75|
|Lemon||1 medium size||50|
|Grapefruit||1 medium size||80|
|Tomato||1 medium size||30|
|Green beans||1 bowl||35|
|Red pepper||½ medium size||95|
|Orange juice||1 cup||75|
The example of vegetable food above is also rich in vitamin C. Providing your baby with melon slices and orange juice in snacks meets vitamin C requirement.
VITAMIN E; The most rich sources are green leafy vegetables, vegetable oils (mandatory by the foodstuff charter to add vitamin E as antioxidant substance to prevent harmful functions of oils), nuts, walnuts, legumes. Daily vitamin E requirement is required to take 10 mg of a-tocopherol equivalent vitamin E in adult men and 8 mg in women.
|FOOD NAME||QUANTITY||VITAMIN E|
|Soy oil||1 teaspoon||13|
|Other vegetable oils||1 teaspoon||10|
|Dry beans||1 bowl||8|
|Green leafy vegetables||½ bowl||1,5|
Oils used in daily meals meet the needs of the baby.
When you read the above information, I think your view of nutrition has changed. You have seen how rich the nutrients you have never imagined in your life are enough to consume very small amounts.
Eat healthy for healthy generations.