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We know that preschool has a very important place in the development of the child. With the increasing sensitivity of both researchers and educators, a new process has started in preschool education. With this process, various programs have been developed for preschool education in different parts of the world.
Although the main purpose of these programs developed to realize this education at an early age is to support the child's development in the best way in every field, it is possible to see differences in the methods applied to achieve this goal.
Here is one of the programs developed for use in kindergarten education…
FIRST YEARS APPROACH:
It began with the establishment of the International School Association in Switzerland in 1962 and changed to the International Baccalaureate Organization in 1965, which accepted the Diploma Program in 1968. Diploma program can be defined as an international education program which is applied for 2 years before university and symbolizes academic excellence. Major changes have been made to the program over the last decade, including the Middle Years Program in 1994 and the First Years Program in 1997. The First Years Program is prepared for 3-12 years, the Middle Years Program for 12-16 years and the Diploma Program for 16-19 years and includes children between 3-16 years. It is currently implemented by 1,769 schools and 122 countries around the world, and graduates of this program are recognized by many universities. In order for the program to be accepted internationally, it is necessary to have the certificate issued by the International Baccalaureate Organization. After applying to the organization for this certificate, the trainers are obliged to attend the trainings, conferences and workshops given by the organization before and after the program. The proposed materials are used to achieve the objectives of the program. In addition, the organization takes care to act jointly by providing a communication environment between the schools implementing this program through the internet. The application school is evaluated by the program experts at regular intervals during the application and after acceptance. Many schools benefit from this program even though they do not have a certificate.
Here, only the Early Years Program section of the program will be considered as it relates to pre-school education. This section was developed by the International Schools Curriculum Project.
• Development areas:
Personal, social and physical education
Science and technology
These areas of development are concepts, knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviors within the framework of curious, knowledgeable, thinking, communicator, principled, open-minded, risk-taking, aims to be a balanced and reflective social individuals.
• When the child is learning; Who I am, where I am, how I express myself, how the world order works, how I organize and how to live in the universe in a peaceful way, how do I share the basic questions.
• The program is evaluated continuously and this evaluation is based on the questions of what to learn, how to learn and how to measure what is learned.
• The main objective of the program; To raise knowledgeable and responsive young people who will contribute to the creation of a better and peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect by creating an international curriculum. It is to look at the world from an international point of view by gathering the education understanding of different cultures under a single umbrella.
• To provide learning through student-centered questioning.
• Classroom arrangement is made by using corner materials method by using rich materials.
• The materials are placed at a height that the child can reach and can be seen.
• Care is taken to ensure that the materials used and the classroom layout reflect different cultures.
• We try to provide a warm class atmosphere reflecting the home environment.
İDİL SEDA AK & EMİNE MALAK
* This article is taken from İdil Seda Ak and Emine Malak's article titled Farklı 6 Different Approaches in Preschool Period ”.