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There are many families with children who are planning to go on holiday. Parents are worried about the holiday with children. To avoid the taste of your holiday holidays Yeditepe University Hospital Pediatric Specialist Asst. Assoc. Dr. Contact Ahmet directly makes some suggestions to families.
: What points should families pay attention to during their holiday?
Asst. Assoc. Dr. Ahmet Ozen: The most important element of the car journey is that everyone in the car uses a seat belt and infants travel in special car seats. If your baby is not accustomed to the long journey in the car seat, take a few short practice trips. Do not let it out of the seat for any reason. Before traveling, have your car thoroughly cleaned and checked for air conditioning. For children's health, prefer dust-free mats. Give plenty of water to infants and children while traveling. In order not to get bored, it will be useful to talk to the child, to give him information about the road and the environment, to tell the tale. Do not drive for long periods of time. Very few children can tolerate long journeys. Children travel more comfortably in the early morning, consider this. Take a break and relax your child by playing on breaks.
: What are the points to consider for those who prefer air travel?
Asst. Assoc. Dr. Ahmet Ozen: It is very difficult for young children to be patient in the environment they are in during their flight. For a trouble-free journey, you need to take some precautions beforehand:
• - Check with your airline to see if they offer the appropriate equipment to meet your child's bed and food needs, and entertainment tools such as cartoons and toys to entertain them. Book in advance so your family can fly all together.
• - It is possible to carry babies under 2 years of age on short-haul flights, but always ask the cabin crew for special belts for babies. Do not allow children with active infections to fly, unless it is absolutely necessary, both for themselves and for other passengers as they may infect the infection.
• Keep your child's favorite food with them because they may not like the food on board. Also take plenty of toys with you to prevent your child from being bored.
• Create an environment for your child to do what he / she likes before traveling. Because a child riding on a plane in a bored state will make the journey unbearable.
• To ensure that your child is less affected by air travel, make sure your flight time is reasonable. So his daily rhythm doesn't change much.
• - If your child has an ear infection, pressure changes inside the cabinet can cause severe ear pain. Children with sinusitis may also develop severe headaches. Children with diarrhea are advised not to fly until the diarrhea recovers, as they may lose excess fluid on long-term flights. Children with chronic heart and lung disease should also undergo a pre-flight medical examination.
• It has been shown that young children are better able to tolerate air travel than adults. However, pressure changes due to the closure of the Eustachian tube, especially during take-off and landing, may disturb children. Do not allow your baby to sleep at this time. Breastfeeding during take-off and landing usually relieves this unpleasant sensation. Drinking or chewing chewing gum on older children will also have the same effect.
: Children's eating habits on holiday may be disrupted. Which points should parents pay attention to when eating 0-6 months, 6-12 months and 12-36 year old children?
Asst. Assoc. Dr. Ahmet Ozen: Infant feeding varies according to age. For this reason, each period has its own differences. Feeding of infants between 0-6 months is usually not affected by different foods or changes in eating patterns, as they are usually breast-fed or breastfeeding and are 2-3 hours apart. The most important problem in this period is infection. Particular attention should be paid to drinking water to protect against diarrhea. Boiled-cooled water should be used, especially in children under 1.5 years of age. In babies between 6 and 12 months, additional nutrients that are started next to breast milk or baby food will make the baby susceptible to the problems in this period. It is important that mothers do not disrupt the food arrangements as much as possible and that the breaks are similar to the ones in the house. In order to protect the baby from frequent infections such as diarrhea, the baby should not be given food that has not been previously given, attention should be paid to the water used in the preparation of their food, and foods similar to those given at home should be preferred. Babies over one year are mostly fed with foods found in the family table. During this period, although they can take all kinds of foods appropriately except for foods known to be allergic, changing normal eating patterns and habits may adversely affect their nutrition.
: What are your recommendations to parents if you have food problems?
Asst. Assoc. Dr. Ahmet Ozen: One of the most common problems encountered by families during the holidays is the disruption of eating habits of young babies and problems with food. Particularly in places where vacation is going on, children refuse the unusual tastes and the deterioration of daily food order is an important reason for this problem. During the journey, intestinal infections called tourist land are frequently encountered. Therefore, hygiene is the most important issue for your child's nutrition. The continuation of breast-fed infants in breast milk is one of the most effective ways to prevent this disease. Therefore, breast-feeding should never be interrupted in young infants. During the journey, he should give children as much as possible the foods they are normally used to and that they love and make sure that these foods are calorie-rich foods. In addition, compulsive behavior should be avoided, especially in infants with motion sickness and vomiting, and should monitor the most appropriate place and time for feeding.
: Which points should be considered in order not to be affected by air change?
Asst. Assoc. Dr. Ahmet Ozen: Before traveling, know the weather in your destination and take the necessary precautions. Pay close attention to what your child wears. In particular, make sure that they are dressed in such a way as to eliminate the adverse effects of the temperature difference so that they are least affected by the adverse effects of air exchange. Nutrition is also very important in terms of body resistance. A balanced and hygienic diet will prevent many diseases such as influenza, colds and bowel infections. Children who have not developed immunity to these diseases are the most vulnerable. Especially diarrheal diseases transmitted by food and drink are a risk for children. In order to prevent these diseases, make sure that food and beverages are clean and pay attention to the cleanliness of feeding equipment such as bottles, plates and spoons. In the event of diarrhea, encourage your child to drink plenty of water to avoid the risk of fluid failure.
For children traveling from the city to the countryside, some diseases, such as parasitic infections, tuberculosis and malaria in some areas, are particularly risky. If you are going to travel to such areas, take precautions against mosquitoes and insects. Also, keep away from animals that can carry rabies germs. Families traveling abroad should conduct research on common infectious diseases in some countries and should be vaccinated if necessary.