General

Healthy pregnancy for a healthy baby

Healthy pregnancy for a healthy baby

The need for energy in pregnancy increases gradually in parallel with the weeks of pregnancy. Therefore, special attention should be paid to fat intake. Excess fat leads to excess weight gain, creating a risk for the heart and circulatory system. Women who have not paid attention to this issue during pregnancy experience serious difficulties in reducing their weight before birth after birth. The only danger is not visible oils such as butter, margarine and oils. The main dangerous ones are cakes, pies, donuts, various pastries and hidden oils in chocolate. It is appropriate to meet the energy requirement primarily from carbohydrates such as potatoes, fruit, bran bread, rye bread, muesli and rice. Pure sweets made of refined sugar should not be consumed, especially as it causes tooth decay. During pregnancy, teeth are threatened by changes in the gums due to the high hormonal environment of pregnancy. After brushing your teeth, a glass of water with a teaspoon of salt and 7-8 drops of lemon by squeezing the prepared liquid is useful to gargle. This application reduces swelling of the gums. Fresh vegetables, legumes and salads are an effective precaution against intestinal laziness, which is further increased during pregnancy due to the high fiber content. There is no ideal weight gain available to anyone during pregnancy. The maximum weight that you may have during pregnancy is calculated according to your Body Mass Index. The fact that women with normal body mass index do not gain weight in the first trimester of pregnancy, 3-4 kg in the second trimester and 6-8 kg in the last three months are indicative of proper nutrition. Women whose Body Mass Index is less than normal before pregnancy should gain more weight and those who are more than normal before pregnancy should gain less weight. Daily ideal nutrition plan• Make your breakfast as much as possible with a variety of freshly squeezed juice, milk and dairy products, fruit, bran bread, rye or whole wheat bread • Reduce the amount of lunch and dinner and add two snacks (11 and 16-17 hours). In this way, your body is fed throughout the day in a balanced way. • Drink plenty of normal water and freshly squeezed juice.
Another important point is that foods are as light as possible. In the following weeks of gestation, the feeling of fullness caused by uterine enlargement, slowing of intestinal function and burning to the esophagus can be reduced in this way. Vitamins and minerals are very important for the healthy development of the child. For this reason, in order to avoid losing nutritional values ​​during cooking, steaming or steaming in foil should be preferred instead of frying. Vegetables maintain their vitamin and mineral contents better if steamed. Unfortunately, ready foods do not always have the necessary properties for a healthy diet during pregnancy. Therefore, fresh vegetables and fruits should be preferred as much as possible. Since modern agricultural techniques impoverish the soil from trace elements, some of the trace elements are not found in sufficient levels in foods. They need supplementation.The needs of mother and baby during pregnancyIron: The child needs iron for blood and muscle development. During the first months of your baby, your baby uses your storage irons. Hemoglobin level then decreases due to the increased need despite a healthy diet. As a result, oxygen transport is reduced in you and your baby's body. Iron supplements are required to prevent this. Iron absorption is better with freshly squeezed juice. Milk and dairy products prevent iron absorption. Folic acid: Folic acid, which belongs to Vitamin B group, plays an important role in closing the brain and spine (neural groove) especially in early gestational weeks. Recent studies have shown that folic acid is effective in preventing neural tube defects as well as in the prevention of various anomalies. Folic acid, which has a significant effect on cell division and development, increases the need 8-12 times during pregnancy. There is no risk of overdose since it is a water soluble vitamin. It depletes very quickly (body stores may become empty in 1-2 months). It is found in dairy foods as well as fresh vegetables and fruits. Magnesium: Magnesium ensures the healthy functioning of the message between nerves and muscles. In addition, the body uses magnesium to break down carbohydrates and fat. It is also called “antistress-mineral” because it controls the release of stress hormones. Magnesium deficiency can cause restlessness, especially muscle calves in the calf muscles and heart rhythm disturbances in severe deficiencies. Magnesium deficiency provides a basis for increasing the risk of preterm birth in pregnancy.Calcium: Calcium plays a role in the nervous system as magnesium. A high amount of calcium is required for the child's bone development. Milk and milk products are abundant.Enjoying substances: There are strict rules for pleasure substances during pregnancy. No matter how difficult it is, you should never smoke during pregnancy. Nicotine passes through the circulation to the child. Constriction in the placenta and various vessels causes the child to get inadequate oxygen, leading to the birth of high-risk children with low birth weight. Such children are at serious risk for brain development, psychological development and various aspects. Alcohol should also be discontinued during pregnancy. Drinking two glasses of wine every day causes brain and heart damage in the newborn.