Breast cancer, in expectant mothers, is the most common type of cancer during pregnancy. During pregnancy, breasts mature and grow to give milk. Therefore, it is possible to be late for early diagnosis because the breast mass is a little more difficult to detect. As such, this situation affects the course of the disease. Therefore, before pregnancy, do not forget to undergo breast examination.
Because of physical changes in pregnancy, recognition and treatment of breast pathologies is a difficult process. Every mass in the mother who is diagnosed with breast cancer during pregnancy needs to be investigated. Although breast cancer is very rare during pregnancy, delayed diagnosis will complicate the healing process. In recent years, the gestational age exceeds the age of 30-40s. The probability of breast cancer seen during pregnancy at this age increases.
Breast cancer in pregnancy is seen during pregnancy or within 1 year following pregnancy. Ostrogen and prolactin are also known to increase breast cancer growth. Although there is a possibility that mammography may harm the fetus during pregnancy, there is not much information on this subject. The use of mammography is still unclear for mothers under 40 years of age.
During pregnancy breast cancer Chemotherapy should be performed considering the balance between risk of fetus and effect of mother 's prognosis. Modifying standard chemotherapy for a healthy baby may worsen the mother's prognosis. Chemotherapy, 95% pregnancy was found to result in normal live birth and low morbidity. The prospective mother should be informed about the possible effects of chemotherapy on her and the fetus.
In the treatment of the mother with breast cancer, the patient, her family and the team of doctors should be in good communication and the risks of the fetus should be decided by discussing the risks of the mother. In pregnant women, it is preferred that the chemotherapy be completed at least 2 weeks before birth. During pregnancy, the oncologist can apply cancer treatment with medication when necessary, except for the first three months of pregnancy. However, no radiation therapy is given to the baby. During the treatment process, each decision belongs to the obstetrician and the oncologist.