Allergic rhinitis, which is one of the most common allergic diseases, is also seen in children. Yeditepe University Hospital, Child Health and Diseases Specialist Hülya Ercan, Diğer Patients with allergic fever may develop other allergic diseases such as asthma and eczema, so they should be closely monitored, or he says.
: What is Allergic Flu?
Dr. Hülya Ercan: Allergic flu is the most common allergic disease. On the nose;
manifests itself with.
• Runny nose of children with allergic fever is colorless and clear.
• Streaking may occur on the top of the nose due to continuous wiping of the nose.
• Dark circles may be seen under the eyes.
Coughing may occur due to repeated throat cleaning.
Allergens causing allergic fever are often;
• pollen (flower powder)
• house dust mites (mayt)
• feathers and saliva of animals such as cat-dog-bird and cockroach.
Pollen often causes seasonal complaints. The most common susceptibility to meadow pollen is the exacerbation of complaints in the spring.
House dust mites (mites) are found on fabric covered surfaces, wool mattress-quilt-pillows and carpets. Makes it easy to live in moisture. Complaints become apparent throughout the year and especially when getting out of bed in the morning.
: How many types of allergic flu are there?
Dr. Hülya Ercan: Allergic rhinitis is classified as seasonal or peroneal rhinitis according to the duration of symptoms.
As with meadow pollen allergies, if the symptoms are limited to only one season, they are followed as seasonal allergic flu.
As with people who are susceptible to house dust mites, the symptoms that occur throughout the year are in the group of peroneal allergic flu.
: What are the reasons?
Dr. Hülya Ercan: The greatest risk factor for the development of allergic flu is the presence of an allergic disease in the family of the patient. Factors such as cigarette and exhaust fumes, air pollution, animal feeding at home and living in a hygienic environment also increase the risk of developing allergic flu. Allergic fever occurs when children with susceptibility to certain allergens are provided with appropriate genetic and environmental conditions.
: What are the diseases that may occur due to allergic flu?
Dr. Hülya Ercan: Mostly children with allergic fever do not give typical symptoms as in adults.
• Recurrent and recurrent cough
• Postnasal drip
• Middle ear inflammation
• The growth of nasal flesh
can be found under allergic flu.
Allergic fever of children,
• deterioration of sleep patterns
• reduced school efficiency
• deterioration of concentration
it should be recognized and treated.
: How is Allergic Flu diagnosed?
Dr. Hülya Ercan: Allergic flu is a doctor's diagnosis. It should be differentiated from other flues that cause similar complaints. The patient's complaints should be listened to by the physician and a detailed physical examination should be performed, nasal discharge should be examined, and what they are allergic to in their blood or skin should be investigated.
: How is Allergic Flu treated?
Dr. Hülya Ercan: Allergic rhinitis is a disease that lasts for life and is not completely cured, but can be controlled. The first and most important point in the treatment of allergic flu is to avoid the allergen that causes the symptoms. Therefore, please observe the following recommendations.
Children with house dust mite allergy
• Use leak proof mattress covers
• Reduce moisture at home
• Ventilate your house every day
• Remove wool carpet, bed-quilt-pillows, books that may hold dust on them, toys in the room where children sleep.
• Dust the room daily with a slightly damp cloth.
People with allergies to animals
• Remove the animal
Pollen allergy sufferers
• Do not go for a picnic during the pollen season
• Close the windows during the day and prevent pollen from entering the house
Despite the protection from allergens, patients whose complaints persist should be tried to control allergy continuously or with appropriate medications as needed.
Immunotherapy (vaccine) may be applied to a small group of patients whose complaints persist despite all treatments.
: In case of delay in the treatment of asthma in the case of the case of flu?
Dr. Hülya Ercan: Patients with allergic fever may develop other allergic diseases such as asthma and atopic dermatitis (eczema), so they should be closely monitored.