In this age group, they should consume daily balanced meat, milk, cereal, fruit, vegetable, fat and sugar foods. During this period, 350 mg of calcium is needed daily. 250 - 300 g. milk, yogurt and feta cheese in a matchbox meets this need. Vitamin D is also needed in this period for bone development. Since vitamin D-containing foods are inadequate and there is little chance of using sun in winter, 400 units of vitamin D should be continued in this age group. Iron needs continue in this period. Iron-rich foods should be given with vitamin C. Since vitamin C is not stored in the body, it is beneficial to take it daily. Unlike the first year, it is now allowed to drink cow's milk. In this period, 1 - 2 glasses are sufficient. But some babies persistently want to drink more cow's milk. This approach may lead children to one-way feeding, as well as anemia and constipation. Egg white and honey may also be added to the diet slowly during this period. Mothers who are still breastfed can continue breastfeeding until 2 years of age. If breastfeeding is too intense and interferes with the intake of other foods, it should be discontinued. The baby's health should be in place during the cutting period. Otherwise, the family and the baby may experience great troubles.
Our body needs some salt. However, this requirement is not much in the first years. We can also supply the amount of salt we need daily from non-salt foods. For this reason, children should not be introduced to salt in the first year of life and there should be no saltshaker in the table after 1 year of age. Not to accustom the child to the taste of salty and sugared palates, is the most important investment to be made in order to protect against salt and sugar related diseases in old age.
The most common problem in the post-1 year period is loss of appetite. Since your baby's growth rate decreases after the age of 1, the physiological loss of appetite begins. 400 gr. area of your baby, 200 gr. It is normal to take around. This information must be given to the family before they turn 1 year old. It should be noted that this period, which is perceived by families as sızlık anorexia normal, is normal for most children. 200 grams per month. A physical child whose physical examination can gain weight around, should not be forced to over-feed. For each child, portions should be discussed with families, food quality and content discussed.
It should be noted that the speed of development of each child is unique and limited by its genetic potential. In case of anorexia of the families, firstly the child should be examined, and the food contents and the amount of portions should be discussed first with the families in a child whose examination findings are normal and at a age-appropriate percentile growth rate. The food consumed by the child should be adjusted to the needs of the child, not to the extent that it satisfies the family. The family should be convinced that the child is within normal growth limits and that the food is sufficient. Anorexia, slowdown in growth rate, decrease in percentile curves (growth curves), complete blood count, complete urinalysis and other tests required by the physician should be investigated for organic causes.
Consumption of beverages such as milk, cola, fruit juice, tea, and water should be limited in children without appetite just before or during meals. The portions of food to be served should be adjusted to the needs of the child, not to the mother's wishes. If a meal is rejected, a different food should be tried, and if it is rejected, the child should not be forced to eat. Rejected food should be offered to the child again at intervals. Meal times should be regular and sweet foods such as chocolate or sugar should not be given as a reward. Food, if necessary, should be decorated in such a way that the child is interested, the child should be informed about the benefits of the foods through games and he should be allowed to choose. Frequent meals should be created in children who eat small amounts. In children without significant health problems, anorexia may be due to psychological reasons and help should be sought from an expert.
First of all, it is very important to inform the parents. As far as possible, not to introduce the child with salty, sugary foods under the age of 1, not to use products such as sugar and chocolate as a reward between 1 and 2 years, the whole family should show the same care. In addition, families to create a model, chips, cola, do not consume simple candies as much as possible, to explain the harm to children is the most useful approach. Children should be made to make buttermilk, kefir, baked potato or mash instead of cola and ice cream instead of chocolate. Kindergartens, kindergartens and school canteens should also be inspected accordingly.
Daily menu for children aged 1 - 2 Breakfast
2/3 cups of milk (120 ml)
1 egg or 1 matchbox cheese
1 teaspoon of butter
1-2 teaspoons jam / honey / molasses / hazelnut paste (only 1 of them)
2-3 olives (seed removed)
1 thin slice of bread
Several slices of tomato or tangerine
2-3 tablespoons minced vegetables
1-2 tablespoons rice
2 tablespoons yogurt
1 bowl of yogurt (150 ml)
1 small fruit or 2-3 biscuits
1 piece of grilled meatballs
1 bowl of highland soup or half slice of bread
Breast milk or cow's milk
Nutrition is a habit. Therefore, it is very important to establish the right eating habits. Healthy eating habits that we will provide at this age can prevent many diseases that may occur in advanced ages. In order to give the right eating habits, it is very important for us parents to form a model. The recent increase in the frequency of obesity indicates that we need to take a closer look at our eating habits. In a study conducted in our country, the prevalence of obesity in male and female adolescents in Edirne was 2.1 / 1.6%, 14.7 / 18.7% in Istanbul and 3.7 / 1.9% in Ankara, respectively. Obesity paves the way for cardiovascular, metabolic, orthopedic and psychiatric diseases. We should aim to prevent obesity before it occurs. We should regulate our child's diet by knowing the appropriate weight according to the diet. We must keep the children away from fast food and junk food. Computer and television games should be limited to 1 hour, physical activity should increase. We should carry out regular length and weight measurements.