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Memorial Hospital Department of Child Health and Diseases. Dr. Metin Karaböcüğlu gives information about the impact of home accidents on child deaths and injuries and the duties of families to prevent accidents.
Accidents are the fifth most common cause of death in childhood. Falls are the most common cause of injury and traffic accidents are the most fatal. In the US, one in four children is treated with a home accident once a year. Every year, approximately 12,000 children under the age of 14 die due to accidents and 50,000 children become disabled. In Turkey, according to Ministry of Health statistics, accidental deaths is one of the top five causes of death.
Fatal accidents for children; falling, drowning, clogging, scalding in water, burning with fire, poisoning, drinking cleaning substances, eating, drug poisoning and traffic accidents.
Children do most accidents because of curiosity
Children are exposed to accidents because they are overly interested and curious about the objects around them. In addition to the features of children, such as learning their environment, imitating the elders, trying to get to know the world by tasting, not being able to evaluate the danger, and having limited understanding;
• Hand and body skills are less than adults.
• Visual fields are narrower than adults.
• Body proportions are different from adults. For example, their heads are larger, they can easily be trapped in tight spaces.
• Because their body's center of gravity is closer to the head, they may fall upside down.
• Cables, sockets and taps of household appliances are among his interests.
• They love to insert objects such as nails, hairpin, wire and matchstick into holes and small openings.
They may stick to hot objects and burn.
• Children aged 1-3 years (although they don't know how to swim) like to jump into hot tubs, swimming pools, large puddles, so there is a greater risk of suffocation.
What should be done to prevent accidents?
• Never carry your baby in your car
• Do not hang a pacifier, necklace, shin-bead, safety pin or the like around the baby's neck. Your baby at home, in the car, etc. Never leave it alone.
• Do not leave the baby alone in a place above the floor.
• Do not sleep with your baby. Your baby should sleep in their own bed.
• If the mosquito net is used on the bed, it should be stressed and supported.
• Place obstacles at the beginning and end of stairs, at risky room doors, after your baby starts crawling
• Cover all electrical outlets with special covers.
• Do not leave matches, lighters, fire appliances in the middle
• Do not let them walk around while eating, do not give hard food such as carrots, quince before the age of 3.
• Make sure that the toys your baby or child plays are suitable for their age and check them regularly.
• The rear seat is the safest place in the car for a child. Children up to 11 years of age can sit in the rear seat of the car.
• Always keep your outside door locked.
• Always make sure that the cleaning materials (squash, bleach etc.) are always in the lockers.
• Keep medicines and other substances that may cause poisoning in the upper cupboards and locked.
• To prevent slipping of carpets and rugs, place special anti-slip materials under them.
• Children under 4 years of age should not be taught to swim, but should only be taught by experienced people.
• Children under 12 months should not be transported by bicycle.