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This problem, which many parents do not notice, do not care even if they do, can cause serious problems in children in the years to come. Specialist Language and Speech Therapist Özlem Akgün Bilgili from ENT Medical Center Voice Diseases, Speech and Swallowing Disorders Unit She talks about Dil Original Language Disorder in Children ”.
Original Language Disorder; hearing loss, mental retardation, neurological, motor or social developmental retardation. These children are first suspected to have problems such as autism, mental retardation and hearing loss. However, there are no developmental problems in children with Original Language Disorder. Although the cause of this disorder is not known exactly, it is thought to show genetic transmission. The researchers found that 50-70% of children with this disorder had similar speech problems in at least one of their family members.
Children with specific language disorders are behind their peers in understanding and producing spoken language. They have problems in producing speech sounds, expressing themselves verbally and understanding others' speeches. They have difficulty in understanding and using the words in the sentence. These children seem to understand what is being said, but often do not understand the main theme of the subject or give inappropriate answers to the question being asked. Even if their speech is understandable in individual words, they fail to form sentences by putting the words together. While some children may only have problems with receptive or expressive language skills, some children may have problems in both areas.
The most typical feature of his speeches is the lack of use of production and shooting attachments. For example, when the child is shown the rabbit's ear in the picture and asked, ner Where is this rabbit? Bilir, instead of saying “rabbit's ear” or “ear bilir, he can simply say“ ear ”or“ rabbit ”. They may find it difficult to understand the concept of time and use words that tell time. For example, “Ali's older sister has come yerine instead of” Ali's older sister gel; They may say “Today Ayşe is gone yerine instead of“ Yesterday we went to Ayşe ”. They do not use annotations. For example, they can express the phrase “Spoons in the drawer” as “Spoon drawer”. “They may experience confusion in words that signify belonging to you, like them. When asked, kimin Whose time is this? Erek, they can say “Father” or “Father clock yerine instead of” My father ”. Another common problem in his speeches is the difficulty in finding words. Some children may not even remember the names of some of the objects they encounter frequently in daily life. When you show an object that has already been discussed, they may say ”I forgot or I don't know”. The length of the sentences they form may not exceed 3-4 words. Sentence alignment may be incorrect or incomplete. For example; Ayı Uncle came home ”. Inadequacies in grammatical structure cause children's speech to be perceived as “infant” or ”age“. In some children the accompanying se
There may also be operating errors. They may not be able to produce some sounds, or they may use another sound instead of the target sound at different positions within the word. For example, in the word “balloon /, they can produce / b / sound correctly, but instead of“ shoes ”they can say“ footsteps ”. There are auditory perception problems. They may not distinguish some sounds.
Don't talk late, it could be a harbinger of this disorder!
From the age of two, children can express their needs in many different ways. Normally developing children make many attempts to express themselves fully and communicate even if they cannot make all the sounds correctly. Sometimes they ask as many questions as they can get their parents bored. Children who do not ask questions or express their wishes verbally may have any communication disorder. Children with specific language disorders may not have said a word until they are about two years old. They can speak at the age of three, but their speech is not understandable. They have difficulty in learning and communicating the rules of sound adaptation, new words.
Does the original language disorder affect the child's school success in the future?
Children with specific language disorders that cannot be diagnosed at age 4-5 are often more pronounced when they start kindergarten or primary school first year. These children have learning and literacy difficulties. It is stated that the school success of children who are not treated especially in early period is low. 40-70% of these children have problems learning to read and many need special educational support.
In addition to academic achievement, the child's social skills are also negatively affected. Children with specific language disorders need more time to talk and listen. Because they cannot gain the grammatical structure of the language, the sentences they form can sometimes be misunderstood. This situation makes it difficult to communicate with peers. Because children are not as patient and understanding as adults. Because they cannot express themselves, they may occasionally show offensive behavior towards their friends or avoid playing with them. They can usually choose to play with adults or older children listening to them.
When and by whom should the diagnosis and therapy of children with original language disorders be performed?
All children whose language and speech are back from their peers should be evaluated and taken into therapy as soon as possible by a language and speech therapist. Some parents leave the child to themselves with thoughts such as “His father spoke too late” or “His brother spoke too late”, düzel He gets better when he goes to school ”. However, if these children are not taken into therapy by a specialist in the preschool period, it takes a much longer time for speech problems to improve. Even though many children develop their self-expression skills, some pronunciation problems do not improve. The most serious problems arise when they start primary school. Because the problems in speech are reflected in the writing. They read later than their peers. For this reason, parents should seek the help of a specialist to resolve this problem before starting school.