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With the opening of schools, many epidemics become a threat to children. But what precautions can we take against these diseases that await our children? School age diseases and ways of prevention Medical Park Bursa Hospital Pediatric Specialist Contact Hüseyin directlyWe asked.
Why do diseases grow during school?
Because children are mostly under the control of parents until they start daycare or school, diseases often do not affect them or occur less frequently. Of course, when you start school, increasing illnesses can become a serious problem for them and their families. Although sickness and even fever of children during school is necessary for the development of his immune system, his frequent illness can also be a sign of danger. Moreover, when they become ill, disruptions in their education may leave the child back from other friends and cause other problems.
What are the ways of transmission of diseases?
Many diseases are known to be transmitted by respiratory and close contact. Your child will be in close contact with many other children in schools and nurseries. If a child at school carries an infectious disease, he or she will easily infect other children.
What should parents do to protect their children from illness?
When your child has an infectious disease, do not send your child to school first to prevent the disease from spreading to other children. It will also be useful to inform the school teacher and administration about the disease in order to protect the other children and take measures by reporting the situation.
If you are unsure whether you need to keep your child at home; ask your physician or school nurse if the disease is contagious, and how long it lasts. If you have to rearrange your schedule, such as setting your time off or finding a carer to take care of your sick child at home, you may have some difficulty. But remember that; it is best for your child and his / her schoolmates to have a good day at home.
What are the diseases that await children in schools?
Colds are among the most common diseases in childhood. Such that; adults have an average of 2 to 4 times a year, while children may get 6 to 10 times. Moreover, children are both heavier and last longer than adults. Unfortunately, families can use cough syrups and antibiotics unconsciously when colds occur. However, in many studies; these drugs are ineffective and sometimes even harm our children from unnecessary use. Symptoms of colds (fever, nasal congestion or runny, weakness, headache, abdominal pain and nausea) should be consulted with a doctor. If a throat infection due to viruses is considered, the patient should be followed up only with antipyretics without antibiotics. If a bacterial infection is considered, a suitable antibiotic should be used by a physician. Clinical findings often do not distinguish whether the infection is viral or bacterial; in such cases, throat culture should be taken and infection should be detected and the child's condition should be treated in terms of infectiousness.
Are eye diseases common in school age children?
Since untreated vision problems in childhood may impair eye health in the future; eye complaints should be paid attention in children. Made works; visual impairment affects one in twenty children who will start school and one in four children who go to school. Regular eye examinations should be performed for early diagnosis of important problems such as visual laziness, strabismus and color blindness.
The most common eye disease in school age; visual defects in children may be in the form of poor vision (myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism). When the child starts school, myopia can be recognized early due to the inability to read the writing on the classroom board. Hidden hyperopia; causes the child to fail to read and write. Astigmatism is; headache and eye pain and unwillingness to read. Even if this visual defect is minimal, it will be more successful in children's school when it is solved with glasses.