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Yanıt What are the common cold medications? ”, Han What are the most common cold medications?”,
Ne What should I do if my child has a cold? ”
Are the answers to the most common questions asked by parents when their children become ill? Memorial Hospital Department of Pediatrics Assoc. Dr. Onur Kurlu said, “He gave information about the drugs used in children with the common cold and listed the suggestions for parents.
Consult your doctor without giving medication to your child under 3 years
the market colds such as runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, headache and cough There are dozens of drugs for the symptoms. But the fact that these drugs are easily accessible does not always mean they are useful or safe. In fact, the best medicine for colds is to rest and take plenty of fluids. Always consult your doctor before giving prescription drugs to babies and children under 3 years of age.
What are the most commonly used cold remedies?
Coughing can be quite annoying when it prevents children from sleeping during the night. However, cough is not always caused by the lungs, but often develops as a result of irritation by secretions from the upper respiratory tract through the nasal passages. In this way, the infected epidemic from the upper respiratory tract is prevented from reaching the lower respiratory (lungs). Drugs that stop the body's normal protection reflex can be harmful to children.
Many over-the-counter cough and cold medications contain substances that reduce / relieve cough. Such drugs generally contain dextromethorphan or diphenhydramine. Codeine is another substance used to relieve cough in children. Although some of the drugs that contain codeine are sold without a prescription, you will usually need a prescription to buy such a drug. Most research on this type of drug has been conducted on adults. A few studies on children have not shown any benefit to the drugs.
Upper respiratory tract openers (decongestants)
Upper respiratory tract openers are adrenaline-type drugs (a contraction agent in the blood vessels) prepared in the form of pills or syrups taken orally. This cold drugs are given to reduce nasal congestion / swelling and secretions. With the use of such drugs, it is aimed to provide a temporary feeling of relief by alleviating the symptoms seen in the disease rather than eliminating the underlying problem. However, they may cause side effects such as rapid heartbeat, restlessness and insomnia in children if used in the wrong dosage and frequency.
Antihistamines (allergy drugs)
Antihistamines are generally used to reduce allergic rhinorrhea or sneezes, and to reduce itching in skin rash, chicken pox and insect bites. They are also included in some common cold medicines because of their secretory and antipyretic properties. The most common side effects are drowsiness in drowsiness, mouth and throat secretions.
Nasal drops or sprays
Nasal drops or sprays containing (physiological) saline help soften the secretions in the nose and help children breathe more easily. Nasal drops or sprays containing medication should not be used without medical advice.
Painkillers and antipyretics
The most common non-prescription painkillers are acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), paracetamol and ibuprofen. Drugs containing etil acetylsalicylic acid ((eg Aspirin) should not be used in children or adolescents in colds, chickenpox or influenza fever; If the baby has fever (less than 6 months), it should be discussed with his / her doctor.
If the child cannot be given medication, the suppository can also be used. However, medication should only be given in one way. Both suppositories and oral medication should not be given.
The package insert given to the child should be read carefully before use.
As with many medicines, high amounts of drugs that are exposed to antipyretics by children may have undesirable or even fatal consequences.
My child cold should I use non-prescription drugs when caught?
You want your child to feel better when your child is sick. Many parents are wrapped in over-the-counter cough and cold medications. With the exception of painkillers and antipyretics, there is no available evidence that it works. In addition, some side effects of these drugs may make your child feel worse.
There is also a risk that you give too much medication. Therefore, more than one drug should not be used at the same time unless the doctor suggests otherwise.
What should I do if my child has a cold?
your child cold If caught, give plenty of liquid to rest. Keep in mind that colds are caused by viruses and cannot be treated with medication. Viruses need to complete their own processes, which means there isn't much that your doctor can do.
However, more serious problems may initially present as colds.
Consult your doctor if your child has any of the following symptoms:
• Fever lasting longer than 72 hours or any fever in infants younger than 3 months.
• Excessive sleepiness
• Excessive moodiness or grouchiness
• Skin redness, rash
• Fast breathing or difficulty breathing
• Less urination than normal